Everyone knows the importance of making a good backup. This obviously also applies when you use Linux. This article explains step by step how to make a good backup of the data that is important to you.

Part 1

Peter de Bruin

Linux Mint Cinnamon has several directories, such as Documents, Pictures, Music and Video material. You’ll see those folders when you’re in Cinnamons Explorer Nemo clicks Personal folder. In this Personal folder so all your own data is included. We also call this data data. We are going to explain how to save this data, also called data backup mentioned, you can save it. We also discuss how you can restore the data.

In this first part we use the standard backup solution available in Linux Mint Cinnamon.

It is also possible to have one system backup to make. Such a backup contains the files that belong to the operating system, in this case the Linux Mint Cinnamon files. There is a separate program for this in Cinnamon, called Timeshift. The system backup will be discussed in the next part.


  • Nemo: the file manager or explorer of Linux Mint Cinnamon
  • Distribution: bundling of operating system software plus user applications
  • Repository: collection of software on the Internet from which various programs can be installed
  • Tar file: stands for Tape Archive, often used as an uncompressed Linux alternative to ZIP files. Compression can be achieved through a separate program such as gzip or bzip2.

1 Back up personal data in Docs

1 Menu Management Backup Tools 2You will find the default backup program in the Linux Mint Cinnamon menu in the category Management as Backup tool. Click here. In folder /usr/bin this program is called mintbackup.

2 Backup Tools 2

By clicking on Back up now… start the process that will lead to a backup of your data.

3 Backup std folder 2

First you need to choose where the backup will be saved. You first follow the default suggested location that is in your Documents folder is located and that Backups is called.

4 Exclusions 2

Indicate which files or folders you want to keep out of the backup by excluding them.

5 Any additions to hidden files 2

You can also include any hidden files, such as configuration settings, in the backup.

7 Saved in .tar file 2

When the backup is made, it will be saved as a tar-file. Any symbolic links are not included. A tarfile is a type zipfile but without compression. You can also directly search for files and then restore them, so that selected files can also be restored individually.

2 Backup personal data to external drive/partition

11 Others choose medium 2The process is largely the same as described above. The difference, however, is that you now use an external medium or separate partition as a storage location. The precondition is that you have the owner are under the Linux Mint Cinnamon permissions system of this partition or medium. You click on the field where you can indicate the backup location. When you choose now Others… and then before Other locations, you will see an overview of partitions/drives. Is your external drive not listed? Then click on the disk Computer.

Because you want to save the backup in a different place, you choose this Others…

12 Other locations 2

By clicking Other locations > Computer > Media > User name choose your backup drive or partition.

13 Via Computer media user name Backup disk to Create backup folder 2

15 continues the same as with internal folder 2Give the folder where you want to save the backup a clear name. In this example we have chosen the name Backup-External.

13 Via Computer media user name Backup disk to Create backup folder 2

You also now have the option to indicate which files or folders you want to keep out of the backup by excluding them.

16 Remote folder 2

The folder we created is now also visible in Nemo.

17 Disadvantage Each copy contains everything 2

If you have made backups more often, there are more complete ones bbackup files present and visible in Nemo. The advantage of this is that you can go back in time to retrieve a lost file. The disadvantage of this is that the storage medium fills up, because the same file ends up in the full backup every time.

3 Restore backup

18 Restore 2In fact, you hope you never need it, but when necessary, you can easily restore a backup.

19 Restoring a situation to Backup time 2

You choose the desired backup. You can choose to restore missing files that you accidentally lost or restore all files from a previously created backup to that date and time. Please note: with the latter option, all changes made to your personal files that date after the backup will be overwritten. Files added afterwards, for example photos, will also disappear.

19 Restoring a situation to Backup time 2

To extract a file from a tarTo select and retrieve archives, you can use Nemo open the desired archive. You can then select one or more files and then determine where they will be saved. It is a good idea to restore the files from the tar file backup to a different location or a separate folder. The files will then not be accidentally overwritten and you can then make a selection of the files you want to restore.